The poodle belongs to the most intelligent and charming dog breeds: he is very child-friendly, playful and has a gentle, lovingly disposition. He is a loyal family dog and also suitable for dog beginners. He is available in all sizes and colors, but his characteristics are usually his soft, curly coat and his noble appearance. With his ability to learn and his good trainability, he is the ideal companion for the whole family.
This article will introduce the different sizes of Poodles, inform you about the origin and the versatile characteristics, which characterize this dog. We will also give you tips on how to care for your Poodle.
Poodles Have a Tradition-Rich Past
The Poodle is a very old and traditional dog breed. The exact origin is not completely clear until today. There are indications that the poodle was already held in the antique by the Romans and Persians. Especially in France poodles were very popular since the Middle Ages. From there the Poodle conquered Europe step by step.
Poodles are very intelligent and eager to learn, which is why they are also used in the circus.
The word poodle comes from the old German poodle and means as much as “splash”. This word shows us the original use of the breed for hunting water birds. Poodles still love water today, even if their hunting instinct was gradually lost. The particular advantage of this is that they do not chase other animals in the forest. But they are still very happy about retrieving – especially when playing with sticks or balls.
Since the 18th and especially in the 19th century the breed has been very popular in Europe, both in middle-class and noble circles. Due to their docility, they were often used in circuses and in shows to perform tricks. Thanks to their pleasant fur they were also very popular as lap dogs and of course beautifully styled in dog shows an eye-catcher.
What to Know About Poodles – Types of Poodles
Since 1955 the poodle is officially recognized as a breed by the World Organization of Cynology FCI. it belongs to the category “companion dogs”. One distinguishes four different sizes of the poodle: Standard Poodle, Miniature Poodle, Klein Poodle, and Toypudel.
We have summarized the characteristics of the four species in the table for you. Males are usually somewhat larger and stronger than female poodles.
|Standard Poodle||Height: 18 – 24 inches|
|Weight: Males 45 – 70 pounds (20 – 32 kg) and females 45 – 60 pounds (20 – 27 kg)|
|Lifespan: 12 years|
|ideal for house and garden|
|also suitable as house guard as well as protection and companion dog|
|Miniature Poodle||Height: 11 – 14 inches|
|Weight: Males weigh 45 to 70 pounds, and females weigh 45 to 60 pounds|
|Lifespan: 15 years|
|suitable for any type of apartment|
|very good companion dog|
|Klein Poodle||Height: 14 – 18 inches|
|Weight: 20-35 pounds (9-13 kg.)|
|Lifespan: 12 – 15 years|
|pleasant companion dog|
|easy to carry|
|also suitable for long walks|
|Toy Poodle||Height: 9.4 – 11 inches|
|Weight: Males weigh 45 to 70 pounds, and females weigh 45 to 60 pounds.|
|Lifespan: 15 years|
|like the Klein Poodle, only smaller|
|very loving nature|
What to Know About Poodles – Poodle Colors
There are many different possibilities for the coat color of the poodle because all poodles are available in the colors black, white, brown, grey and brown. Brown poodles are characterized by a dark, warm color. There are several shades of Falb, from light to apricot.
Once poodles were only monochrome – but since the 1980s two-colored poodles have also been allowed. There are poodles in the combinations black/white (Harlekin) and black/brown (black-tan).
Poodles for Allergy Sufferers
Poodles are very elegant animals of medium proportions. They have a curly, woolly, but very fine coat, which feels pleasantly soft and invites to extensive strokes. Poodles belong to the long-haired breeds because their fur (like human hair) grows continuously. Therefore poodles must also be shorn regularly. The advantage of this is that your four-legged darling has no change of coat and is not hairy. Thus the poodle is also suitable for allergy sufferers.
People with a dog hair allergy are basically not allergic to the coat at all but to dandruff or saliva. Since the poodle has no coat change, he does not lose hair and dandruff constantly. Nevertheless, allergy sufferers must also be careful with poodles – or at least test it first to see if it is possible with a poodle because there’s no guarantee that you won’t have allergic reactions to poodles.
What to Know About Poodles – Characteristics & Temperament
In his character, he has so many positive qualities that it is impossible to list them all. Poodles are very loyal to their master, like to cuddle and are generally devoted. With their intelligence, they have a good ability of observation, learn fast and can be educated therefore also well. Since they have a great empathy, they can assess situations very well and adapt to the mood of their masters.
With other dogs, they usually are very friendly. If you are looking for a family dog, a poodle is the right choice. Poodles are especially very child-friendly and not aggressive. Poodles defend their family from strangers when it comes to protecting them.
Poodles are friendly and playful dogs who like to spend time with their family.
In general, they are friendly and balanced. The most important character traits at a glance:
Living Together With a Poodle
Poodles are nowadays mainly family dogs and show dogs. A good education is no problem for poodles because they are already curious as puppies. Commands they remember with ease and have great pleasure in working together with their masters. The attendance of a dog school is recommended nevertheless as they learn also the contact with other dogs and humans there and are prepared for special situations.
What to Know About Poodles – Exercise and Activity
Depending on size, the poodles need a different amount of movement, whereby also smaller poodles are pleased about extended walks very much. They are not just couch potatoes – they want to learn and be active. You will certainly not be bored with this dog, because they love to play extensively, to learn tricks or to let off steam in dog sports. Sports like Agility, Dog-Dancing or Mobyclass are not only for the big ones but also for small poodles no problem.
Poodle Care Basics
Like every dog, poodles need regular care. Especially the coat needs a little attention. Since it grows constantly, it must be shorn several times in the year, because otherwise, it matts. How often a dog needs to be shorn depends mainly on the hairstyle. Of course, a special show clipping has to be done more often than a complete clipping. The recommendation of the poodle club is every 8 weeks.
Where does the traditional poodle look come from?
When the poodle was still used for hunting, it needed a shearing which gives him as much legroom as possible, but at the same time protects the internal organs in cold water. That’s why the poodle was shorn short on the hind legs, while the fur remained in the chest area. From this, the show grooming developed step by step.
Of course, a poodle does not have to be specially styled. If you prefer a natural look for your dog, you can have the coat trimmed casually or consider other sporty hairstyles. A groomer will be happy to help you find the right cut for your dog.
Not only the grooming but also regular combing is important to keep the coat nice and soft and to prevent shagging. This is also the reason why you should not leave a poodle unshorn. The hair becomes more and more frizzy and matted with increasing length. If Poodle care is not done properly it may cause hygienic consequences (such as parasites) and can also restrict the dog’s freedom of movement.
What to Know About Poodles – Poodle Food
Regarding food, the dog breed is not very demanding. Since they do not tend to be overweight, there is no need to follow special diets – provided, of course, that the dog is properly fed and gets enough exercise. You should give a poodle puppy a special food, preferably the same as the one he got from the breeder. This is usually a mixture of dry and wet food, possibly enriched with cooked vegetables and meat. After a year you should gradually switch to adult food.
What to Know About Poodles – Poodle Health
Besides the fur, also the claws should be shortened from time to time. Eyes and ears should be inspected carefully and if necessary removed from dirt and earwax. A veterinarian or dog trainer will also be happy to give you tips.
Other illnesses can be prevented unfortunately less easily because like many large dog breeds, a hip dysplasia is also possible with the big poodle. When breeding poodles, however, attention should be paid to the fact that only dogs without a diagnosis are taken.
With small poodles, Klein poodles and toy poodles eye diseases like progressive retinal atrophy or cataracts are a risk. Again, the breeder should take care in advance that these diseases are not passed on. Nevertheless, it is advisable to regularly go to the vet with your dog and have him checked out.
The many good qualities of the poodle – its intelligence, good nature, coat – have led to many crossbreeds with other dog breeds. Especially because of his suitability for allergy sufferers a mix of poodle and another dog breed is often bred. The best known is probably the Labradoodle. But there are also cross-breeds with Golden Retriever, Mops, Australian Shepherd and many other breeds.
These so-called hybrids are often used as guide dogs for the handicapped or as blind dogs.
Tip: If you would like to buy a poodle hybrid, you should inform yourself in advance about the respective hybrid breeds.
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